THE THEORY AND CONCEPT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT

Vol. 1 Issue 3 (July – Sept.2017) pp. 261 -265
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THE THEORY AND CONCEPT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL
EMPOWERMENT
Ammara Kanwal1
Awais Imam2
Abstract: Psychological empowerment is very important concept which is widely used
in the researches of industrial psychology. There are discrepancies among researchers
about the dimensions of psychological empowerment. This research is finally describes
the four dimensional concept of psychological empowerment on the basis of work of
Spreitzer who adopt these terms on the basis of work of Thomas and Velthouse and
Conger and Kanungo . These four dimensions named are named as competence,
meaning, impact and self-determination.
Key Words: Psychological Empowerment, Competence, Meaning, Impact, Self
Determination

PERCEIVED ORGANIZATIONAL SUPPORT VERSUS BANKS OF PAKISTAN

Abstract
Satisfied workforce is a prerequisite for the success of organizations. Current research
focuses on finding a perfect way of keeping employees satisfied by comparing perceived
In order to fulfil this objective, data was gathered from 100% employees of each of the 72
branches which were selected by using simple random sampling technique. Survey based
on structured questionnaire was made. 400 questionnaires were distributed out of which
347 were returned, quoting a response rate of 87%. In order to analyze gathered data,
testing hypotheses. Results displayed that both perceived organizational support and
compensation play role in increasing job satisfaction but there is dominancy of one
factor in this regard. Findings will not only enable banks to have satisfied employees but
also satisfied customers.
Keywords: Perceived organizational support, compensation and reward, job
satisfaction.